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Monday, July 20 • 7:00pm - 8:00pm
P122: Adaptive activity-dependent myelination promotes synchronization in large-scale brain networks

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Meeting Link: https://meet.google.com/xmb-amfr-wst
Link to Poster: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1ewTK5vBfvRCqpRjq2ufCJEZrSJdj0YhE/view?usp=sharing

Rabiya Noori, Daniel Park, John Griffiths, Sonya Bells, Paul Frankland, Donald Mabbott, Jeremie Lefebvre

Communication and oscillatory synchrony between distributed neural populations is believed to play a key role in multiple cognitive and neural functions. These interactions are mediated by long-range myelinated axonal fibre bundles, collectively termed as white matter. While traditionally considered to be static after development, white matter properties have been shown to change in an activity-dependent way through learning and behavior: a phenomenon known as white matter plasticity. In the central nervous system this plasticity stems from oligodendroglia, which form myelin sheaths to regulate the conduction of nerve impulses across the brain, hence critically impacting neural communication. We here shift the focus from neural to glial contribution to brain synchronization and examine the impact of adaptive, activity-dependent change in conduction velocity on the large-scale phase-synchronization of neural oscillators.

We used a network model built of reciprocally coupled Kuramoto phase oscillators whose connections are based on available primate large-scale white matter neuroanatomy data. Our computational and mathematical results show that such adaptive plasticity endows white matter networks with self-regulatory and self-organizing properties, where conduction delay statistics are autonomously adjusted to ensure efficient neural communication. Specifically, our analysis shows that adaptive conduction velocities along axonal connections stabilizes oscillatory neural activity across a wide range of connectivity gain and frequency bands. Resulting conduction delays become statistically similar, promoting phase-locking irrespective of the distances. As a corollary, global phase-locked states are more resilient to diffuse decreases in connectivity, reflecting damage caused by a neurological disease, for instance. Our work suggests that adaptive myelination may be a mechanism that enable brain networks with a means of temporal self-organization, resilience and homeostasis.


Rabiya Noori

Krembil Research Institute

Monday July 20, 2020 7:00pm - 8:00pm CEST
Slot 13