Loading…
CNS*2020 Online has ended
Welcome to the Sched instance for CNS*2020 Online! Please read the instruction document on detailed information on CNS*2020.
Back To Schedule
Sunday, July 19 • 9:00pm - 10:00pm
P56: Impact of Simulated Asymmetric Interregional Cortical Connectivity on the Local Field Potential

Log in to save this to your schedule, view media, leave feedback and see who's attending!

Feedback form is now closed.
****Google Meet****
meet.google.com/wer-tprf-fwy


David Boothe, Alfred Yu, Kelvin Oie, Piotr Franaszczuk
Spontaneous neuronal activity as observed using electroencephalogram is characterized by a non-stationary 1/f power spectrum interspersed with periods of rhythmic activity [1]. Underlying cortical neuronal activity is, by contrast, hypothesized to be sparse and arrhythmic [2]. Properties of cortical neuronal connectivity such as sparsity, small world organization, and conduction delays have all been proposed to play a critical role in the generation of spontaneous brain activity. However, the relationship between the structure reflected in measures of global brain activity, the underlying neuronal activity, and neuronal connectivity is, at present, poorly characterized. In order to explore the role of cortical connectivity in the generation of spontaneous brain activity, we present a simulation of cerebral cortex based on the Traub model [3] implemented in the GENESIS neuronal simulation environment.

We made extensive changes to the original Traub model in order to more faithfully reproduce the spontaneous cortical activity described here. We re- tuned the original Traub parameters to eliminate both intrinsic neuronal activity and removed the gap junctions. Tuning out intrinsic neuronal activity in the model allowed changes to the underlying connectivity to be the central factor in modifying overall model activity. The model we present consists of 16 simulated cortical regions each containing 976 neurons (15,616 neurons total). Previously we connected simulated regions in a nearest neighbor fashion via short range association fibers. These association fibers originated from pyramidal cells in cortical layer 2/3 (P23s). We found that the introduction of symmetric bidirectional inter-regional connectivity was sufficient to induce both a 1/f power spectrum as well as oscillatory behavior in the local field potential of the underlying cortical regions in the 2 to 40 Hz range. However we also found that sub-region activity was fairly uniform, even if these sub-region oscillations were not strongly correlated with one another. We hypothesize that introducing asymmetric inter-regional connectivity in this model may produce underlying simulated neuronal activity that is more variable in its output and more similar to the output observed in the biological system..

Connectivity between cortical regions in the biological brain are often asymmetric with outputs of layer 2/3 pyramidal cells terminating in different layers and in different proportions on receiving regions of cortex [4]. Here we explore how these asymmetrical connectivity schema alter microscopic (spikes) and macroscopic (local field potential) features of our cortical simulations. We re-organized our 16 simulated cortical regions in a hierarchical fashion using feedforward and feedback connectivity patterns observed between regions of the visual system [4]. We then compare the behavior of this network to our previous simulations using nearest neighbor and small world like inter-regional connectivity. We hypothesize that networks with asymmetric connectivity between regions will give richer and more heterogenous model outputs.

[1] Le Van Quyen M, Biol Res, 2003, 36(1), 67-88. [2] Buzaki G, ‘Rhythms of the Brain’, Oxford University Press, 2006. [3] Traub RD et al, J Neurophysiol, 2005, 93(4), 2194-232. [4] Salin P and Bullier J, Physiological Reviews Vol. 75 No.1 January 1995.

Speakers
DB

David Boothe

Human Research Engineering Directorate, U.S. Army Research Laboratory


Sunday July 19, 2020 9:00pm - 10:00pm CEST
Slot 12