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Sunday, July 19 • 7:00pm - 8:00pm
P64: Gamma oscillations organized as localized burst patterns with anomalous propagation dynamics in primate cerebral cortex

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Xian Long
, Yuxi Liu, Paul R. Martin, Samuel G. Solomon, Pulin Gong

Gamma oscillations (30-80 Hz) occur in transient bursts with varying frequencies and durations. These non-stationary gamma bursts have been widely observed in many brain areas but have rarely been quantitatively characterized, and the mechanisms that produce them are not understood. In this study we investigate the spatiotemporal properties of gamma bursts through combined empirical and modeling investigation. Our array recordings of local field potentials in visual cortical area MT of the marmoset monkey reveal that gamma bursts form localized patterns with complex propagation dynamics. We also show that the propagations of these patterns are characterized by anomalous dynamics that are fundamentally different from regular or Brownian motions conventionally assumed. We show that all aspects of these anomalous dynamics can be quantitatively captured by a spatially extended, biophysically realistic circuit model. Circuit dissection of the model shows further that the anomalous dynamics rely on the intrinsic meta- stability near the critical transition between different circuit states (i.e. between synchronous and the regular propagating wave states). Our results thus reveal novel spatiotemporal organization properties of gamma bursts, and explain them in terms of underlying circuit mechanisms, providing new computational functions for gamma oscillations.


avatar for Xian Long

Xian Long

PhD student, The school of physics, University of Sydney, Australia
Specialised in data analysis and interested in spiking neural network.

poster pdf

Sunday July 19, 2020 7:00pm - 8:00pm CEST
Slot 18