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Sunday, July 19 • 7:00pm - 8:00pm
P94: Brain rhythms enhance top-down influence on V1 responses in perceptual learning

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Ryo Tani, Yoshiki Kashimori

Visual information is conveyed in a feedforward manner to progressively higher levels in the hierarchy, beginning with the analysis of simple attributes, such as orientation and contrast, and leading to more complex object features from one stage to the next. In contrast, visual systems have abundant feedback connections, whose number is even larger than the feedforward ones. Top-down influences, conveyed by the feedback pathways across entire brain areas, modulate the responses of neurons in early visual areas, depending on cognition and behavioral context. Li et al. [1] showed that top-down signals allowed neurons of the primary visual cortex (V1) to engage stimulus components that were relevant to a perceptional task and to discard influences from components that were irrelevant to the task. They showed that V1 neurons exhibited characteristic tuning patterns depending on the array of stimulus components. Ramalingam et al. [2] further examined dynamic aspects of V1 neurons in the tasks used by Li et al., and revealed the difference in the dynamic correlations between V1 responses evoked by the two tasks. Using a V1 model, we also proposed the neural mechanism of the tuning modulations by top-down signal [3]. Top-down and bottom-up information are processed with different brain rhythms. Fast oscillations such as gamma rhythms are involved in sensory coding and feature binding in local circuits, while slower oscillations such as alpha and beta rhythms are evoked in higher brain areas and may contribute to the coupling of distinct brain areas. In this study, we investigate how information of top-down influence is conveyed by feedback pathway, and how information relevant to task context is coordinated by different brain oscillations. We present a model of visual system which consists of networks of V1 and V2. We consider the two types of perceptual tasks used by Li et al., bisection task and vernier one. We show that visual information relevant to each task context is coordinated by a push-pull effect of top-down signal. We also show that top-down signal reflecting a beta oscillation in V2 neurons, coupled with a gamma oscillation of V1 neurons, enable the efficient gating of task-relevant information in V1. This study provides a useful insight to understanding how rhythmic oscillations in distinct brain areas are coupled to gate task-relevant information encoded in early sensory areas. References1. Li W, Piech V, and Gilbert C D. Perceptual learning and top-down influences in primary visual cortex. Nat Neurosci. 2004, 7(6), 651-6572. Ramalingam N, McManus J N J, Li W, and Gilbert C D. Top-Down Modulation of Lateral Interactions in Visual Cortex. J Neurosci. 2013, 33(5), 1773-17893. Kamiyama A, Fujita K, and Kashimori Y, A neural mechanism of dynamic gating of task-relevant information by top-down influence in primary visual cortex. BioSystems. 2016, 150, 138-148

Speakers
RT

Ryo Tani

The University of Electro-Communications



Sunday July 19, 2020 7:00pm - 8:00pm CEST
Slot 14