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Sunday, July 19 • 7:00pm - 8:00pm
P210: Seizure pathways change on circadian and slower timescales in individual patients with focal epilepsy

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Yujiang Wang


Abstract

Personalised medicine requires that treatments adapt to not only the patient, but changing factors within each individual. Although epilepsy is a dynamic disorder characterised by pathological fluctuations in brain state, surprisingly little is known about whether and how seizures vary in the same patient. We quantitatively compared within-patient seizure network evolutions using intracranial electroencephalographic (iEEG) recordings of over 500 seizures from 31 patients with focal epilepsy (mean 16.5 seizures/patient). In all patients, we found variability in seizure paths through the space of possible network dynamics. Seizures with similar pathways tended to occur closer together in time (Fig. 1), and a simple model suggested that seizure pathways change on circadian and/or slower timescales in the majority of patients. These temporal relationships occurred independent of whether the patient underwent antiepileptic medication reduction. Our results suggest that various modulatory processes, operating at different timescales, shape within-patient seizure evolutions, leading to variable seizure pathways that may require tailored treatment approaches.

Reference

Schroeder GM, Diehl B, Chowdhury FA, Duncan JS, de Tisi J, Trevelyan AJ, Forsyth R, Jackson A, Taylor PN, Wang Y. Seizure pathways change on circadian and slower timescales in individual patients with focal epilepsy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020;117(20):11048-11058. doi:10.1073/pnas.1922084117

Speakers
avatar for Yujiang Wang

Yujiang Wang

Principal Investigator, Newcastle University



Sunday July 19, 2020 7:00pm - 8:00pm CEST
Slot 05